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Mathematics - Pre-K

Introduction to Numbers: Counting and Sorting

In this pre-kindergarten math lesson, we will introduce young learners to the concept of numbers, focusing on counting and sorting. Through engaging activities and interactive games, students will develop their number recognition skills, learn to count objects, and practice sorting items based on different attributes.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Recognize and identify numbers from 1 to 10
  • Count objects up to 10
  • Sort objects based on different attributes (e.g., color, shape, size)


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of teacher-led instruction, hands-on activities, and interactive games. The activities will be designed to promote active participation and foster a love for learning mathematics.


  • Number flashcards (1-10)
  • Counting objects (e.g., blocks, buttons, toys)
  • Sorting mats or trays
  • Colorful objects for sorting (e.g., colored pom-poms, buttons)
  • Shape cards
  • Size cards
  • Interactive whiteboard or projector


1. Introduction (5 minutes)

Welcome the students to the math lesson and introduce the topic of numbers. Show them the number flashcards and ask if they recognize any of the numbers.

2. Number Recognition (10 minutes)

Show the number flashcards one by one and ask the students to identify each number. Repeat this activity a few times to reinforce number recognition.

3. Counting Objects (15 minutes)

Distribute counting objects (e.g., blocks, buttons) to each student. Instruct them to count the objects and say the corresponding number aloud. Encourage them to count slowly and point to each object as they count.

4. Sorting by Color (10 minutes)

Show the colorful objects and explain that the students will be sorting them based on color. Demonstrate how to sort the objects into different piles based on their colors. Then, let the students practice sorting the objects on their own.

5. Sorting by Shape (10 minutes)

Show the shape cards and explain that the students will now be sorting objects based on their shapes. Display one shape card at a time and ask the students to find objects that match the shape. Encourage them to describe the shape as they sort the objects.

6. Sorting by Size (10 minutes)

Show the size cards and explain that the students will be sorting objects based on their sizes. Display one size card at a time and ask the students to find objects that match the size. Encourage them to compare the objects and discuss their sizes.

7. Interactive Game (15 minutes)

Use an interactive whiteboard or projector to play a counting or sorting game with the students. There are many online resources and apps available for this purpose. Choose a game that aligns with the lesson objectives and engages the students.

8. Conclusion (5 minutes)

Review the key concepts covered in the lesson, including number recognition, counting, and sorting. Ask the students to share their favorite part of the lesson and what they have learned.


To assess the students' understanding, observe their participation during the activities and games. Ask them questions throughout the lesson to gauge their comprehension. Additionally, you can provide a simple worksheet or activity for them to complete independently, such as matching numbers to objects or sorting items based on different attributes.

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10 months ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

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