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Economics - 8th

Eighth Grade Lesson on Economics: Understanding Supply and Demand

Title: Understanding Supply and Demand

Compliance: Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Social Studies

Subject: Economics

Summary: This lesson will introduce students to the fundamental concepts of supply and demand, helping them understand how these forces shape the economy.

Topic: Supply and Demand in the Economy

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the definitions of supply and demand
  • Understand the factors that influence supply and demand
  • Apply the concepts of supply and demand to real-world scenarios
  • Analyze the impact of changes in supply and demand on prices and quantities
  • Can create supply and demand curves


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of teacher-led instruction, class discussions, group activities, and individual assessments. The teacher will use a variety of visual aids, such as charts and graphs, to enhance understanding.

Resources/Materials Required:

  • Textbooks or online resources on economics
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Computers or tablets with internet access (optional)


Step 1: Introduction (10 minutes)

Begin the lesson by asking students if they have ever wondered why the price of certain goods or services changes over time. Discuss their responses and introduce the concept of supply and demand as the driving forces behind these changes.

Step 2: Definitions (15 minutes)

Define supply and demand using simple language and relatable examples. Emphasize that supply refers to the quantity of a good or service that producers are willing to offer at different prices, while demand refers to the quantity of a good or service that consumers are willing to buy at different prices.

Step 3: Factors Influencing Supply and Demand (20 minutes)

Discuss the factors that influence supply and demand, such as changes in production costs, consumer preferences, and government policies. Use real-world examples to illustrate how these factors can shift the supply and demand curves.

Step 4: Creating Supply and Demand Curves (30 minutes)

Divide the class into small groups and provide each group with chart paper and markers. Instruct them to create supply and demand curves for a specific product or service of their choice. Encourage them to consider the factors discussed earlier when drawing their curves.

Step 5: Analyzing Changes in Supply and Demand (20 minutes)

Present the class with various scenarios that could impact supply and demand, such as changes in technology, natural disasters, or shifts in consumer preferences. Ask students to analyze the impact of these changes on prices and quantities, using their supply and demand curves as a reference.

Step 6: Class Discussion (15 minutes)

Facilitate a class discussion to share and compare the group's findings. Encourage students to explain their reasoning and engage in critical thinking about the relationship between supply, demand, and market equilibrium.

Step 7: Individual Assessment (15 minutes)

Assign a short written or online assessment to evaluate students' understanding of supply and demand concepts. The assessment may include multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, or scenario-based problems.


Wrap up the lesson by summarizing the key concepts covered and their relevance to the economy. Encourage students to continue exploring the topic of supply and demand in their daily lives and discuss any interesting observations in future classes.

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4 months ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Social Studies

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