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Reading - 1st

Lesson Title: Exploring the Alphabet

Grade Level: First Grade

Subject: Reading

Summary: This lesson is designed to introduce first-grade students to the alphabet and help them develop letter recognition and phonemic awareness skills.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the names and sounds of all 26 letters of the alphabet.
  • Understand that letters represent sounds in spoken words.
  • Can identify and match uppercase and lowercase letters.


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of whole-group instruction, small-group activities, and hands-on learning experiences.


  • Alphabet flashcards
  • Letter manipulatives (e.g., magnetic letters, foam letters)
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Interactive alphabet games (online or app-based)


Introduction (10 minutes):

1. Begin the lesson by displaying the alphabet flashcards and reviewing the names and sounds of each letter with the students.

2. Engage the students in a discussion about the importance of letters and how they help us read and write.

Letter Recognition Activity (15 minutes):

1. Distribute letter manipulatives to each student.

2. Call out a letter and have the students find and hold up the corresponding letter manipulative.

3. Repeat this activity several times, gradually increasing the speed to challenge the students.

Phonemic Awareness Activity (15 minutes):

1. Write a few simple words on the whiteboard, leaving out the initial letter of each word.

2. Ask the students to identify the missing letter and say the sound it represents.

3. Provide support and guidance as needed.

Interactive Alphabet Game (15 minutes):

1. Divide the students into small groups and provide each group with a device (computer, tablet, or smartphone) with an interactive alphabet game.

2. Instruct the students to take turns playing the game, focusing on letter recognition and phonemic awareness activities.

3. Circulate around the classroom to provide assistance and monitor student progress.

Wrap-up (5 minutes):

1. Gather the students back together and review the letters and sounds covered in the lesson.

2. Encourage the students to practice their letter recognition and phonemic awareness skills at home.


To assess student learning, observe their participation and engagement during the activities. Additionally, you can:

  • Conduct one-on-one assessments where students identify letters and their corresponding sounds.
  • Review completed interactive alphabet game activities to gauge student progress.

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9 months ago
Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.1, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.2, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3)

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