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Reading - 1st

Lesson Title: Exploring the Alphabet

Grade Level: First Grade

Subject: Reading

Summary: This lesson is designed to introduce first-grade students to the alphabet and help them develop foundational reading skills.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the names and sounds of all 26 letters of the alphabet.
  • Understand that letters represent sounds and can be combined to form words.
  • Can identify and match uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Can recognize and read simple words.


This lesson will be taught using a combination of direct instruction, hands-on activities, and interactive games.


  • Alphabet flashcards
  • Letter manipulatives (e.g., magnetic letters, foam letters)
  • Whiteboard or chart paper
  • Markers or chalk
  • Printable worksheets
  • Computer or tablet with internet access (optional)


Introduction (10 minutes):

1. Begin the lesson by gathering the students in a circle and displaying the alphabet flashcards.

2. Sing the alphabet song together, emphasizing the sounds of each letter as you go.

3. Show the flashcards one by one, asking the students to name the letter and its sound.

Main Activity (30 minutes):

1. Divide the students into small groups and distribute the letter manipulatives.

2. Instruct each group to take turns selecting a letter and finding objects in the classroom that start with that letter sound.

3. Encourage the students to share their findings with the class, emphasizing the connection between letters and sounds.

4. Write the uppercase and lowercase versions of each letter on the whiteboard or chart paper as the students share their objects.

Independent Practice (15 minutes):

1. Provide each student with a printable worksheet featuring a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters.

2. Instruct the students to color the uppercase and lowercase versions of each letter in different colors.

3. Circulate the classroom to provide individual support and guidance as needed.

Closure (5 minutes):

1. Gather the students back together and review the letters and their sounds.

2. Play a quick alphabet recognition game, where you hold up a flashcard and the students have to say the letter and its sound.

3. End the lesson by singing the alphabet song once again.


Assess the students' understanding and progress throughout the lesson using the following methods:

  • Observation during the main activity to see if students can correctly identify objects that start with specific letter sounds.
  • Reviewing the completed worksheets to check if students can match uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Participation and engagement during the closure activity.

Compliance Standards: This lesson aligns with the Common Core State Standards for Reading: Foundational Skills (RF.1.1, RF.1.2, RF.1.3).

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Common Core State Standards

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