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Economics - 6th

Economics: Understanding the Basics

Welcome to your sixth grade economics lesson! Today, we will dive into the fascinating world of economics and explore the basic concepts that shape our everyday lives. By the end of this lesson, you will have a solid understanding of key economic principles and be able to apply them to real-world scenarios. Let's get started!

Learning Outcomes:

  • Define economics and its importance in society
  • Understand the concepts of scarcity, choice, and opportunity cost
  • Identify the factors of production and their role in the economy
  • Explore the concepts of supply and demand
  • Apply economic thinking to make informed decisions


This lesson will be a combination of teacher-led discussions, interactive activities, and individual/group work. We will use a variety of resources, including textbooks, online articles, and multimedia presentations, to enhance our understanding of the topic. You will also have the opportunity to participate in hands-on activities and simulations to reinforce your learning.


  • Textbooks or online resources on economics
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Computers or tablets with internet access
  • Printed worksheets and handouts


Activity 1: Introduction to Economics (Know)

Begin the lesson by asking students what they think economics is and why it is important. Write their responses on the board and facilitate a class discussion to define economics as the study of how individuals, businesses, and governments make choices about allocating resources to satisfy their wants and needs.

Activity 2: Scarcity, Choice, and Opportunity Cost (Understand)

Introduce the concepts of scarcity, choice, and opportunity cost. Explain that scarcity occurs when there are limited resources but unlimited wants. Discuss examples of scarcity in everyday life, such as limited time, money, and natural resources. Then, explain that individuals and societies must make choices due to scarcity and that every choice has an opportunity cost, which is the value of the next best alternative given up.

Divide the class into small groups and provide each group with a scenario, such as choosing between going to a movie or buying a new video game. Instruct them to identify the opportunity cost of their choice and present their findings to the class.

Activity 3: Factors of Production (Know)

Introduce the factors of production: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. Explain the role of each factor in the economy, such as how land provides natural resources, labor involves human effort, capital includes tools and machinery, and entrepreneurship involves taking risks and organizing resources.

Engage the students in a brainstorming activity where they identify examples of each factor of production in their community. Encourage them to think creatively and consider various industries and professions.

Activity 4: Supply and Demand (Understand)

Explain the concepts of supply and demand and their relationship in determining prices and quantities in the market. Use visual aids, such as graphs or charts, to illustrate the concepts.

Divide the class into pairs and provide each pair with a product or service. Instruct them to create a supply and demand graph for their chosen item, considering factors that may affect its supply and demand. Have them present their graphs and explain their findings to the class.

Activity 5: Applying Economic Thinking (Can Do)

Wrap up the lesson by challenging students to apply economic thinking to a real-world scenario. Provide them with a hypothetical situation, such as deciding whether to save money or spend it on a desired item. Instruct them to analyze the costs and benefits of each option and make an informed decision based on economic principles.


To assess your understanding of the lesson, you will complete a short quiz at the end of the class. The quiz will include multiple-choice and short-answer questions that cover the key concepts discussed throughout the lesson. Your participation in class activities and discussions will also be taken into consideration.

Remember, economics is all around us, and understanding its principles can help us make better decisions in our personal and professional lives. Have fun exploring the world of economics!

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7 months ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Social Studies

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