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Science - 1st

Exploring the Wonders of the Solar System

Subject: Science

Summary: Engage your first-grade students in a hands-on activity that introduces them to the solar system and its fascinating celestial bodies.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the names and characteristics of the eight planets in our solar system.
  • Understand the concept of orbit and the relationship between the sun and planets.
  • Create a model of the solar system to demonstrate their understanding.


This activity will involve a combination of interactive discussions, visual aids, and a craft project to reinforce learning.


  • Large poster or chart of the solar system
  • Images or illustrations of the eight planets
  • Construction paper (various colors)
  • Scissors and glue
  • Markers or colored pencils


  1. Begin the lesson by showing the poster or chart of the solar system to the students. Discuss the sun as the center and the eight planets that orbit around it.
  2. Introduce each planet one by one, discussing their names, characteristics, and their position in the solar system. Use images or illustrations to aid visual understanding.
  3. Engage the students in a class discussion about the concept of orbit and how the planets revolve around the sun. Emphasize the importance of the sun's gravitational pull in keeping the planets in their orbits.
  4. Now, it's time for the craft project! Distribute construction paper, scissors, glue, and markers or colored pencils to each student.
  5. Ask the students to cut out circles from the construction paper to represent the planets. They can use different colors to match the appearance of each planet.
  6. Using the images or illustrations as a reference, have the students draw and color the features of each planet on their cut-out circles.
  7. Once the planets are ready, guide the students in arranging them in the correct order around a larger circle representing the sun. They can glue the planets onto the poster or a separate piece of construction paper.
  8. Encourage the students to label each planet with its name and share interesting facts they have learned about them.
  9. Conclude the activity by allowing the students to present their solar system models to the class. Encourage questions and discussions to reinforce their understanding.


To assess the students' learning, observe their participation during the class discussions and their ability to accurately arrange the planets in their models. Additionally, you can ask individual students to explain the concept of orbit or share interesting facts about a specific planet.

Compliance Standards:

This activity aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for first grade:

  • 1-ESS1-1: Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted.
  • 1-ESS1-2: Make observations at different times of year to relate the amount of daylight to the time of year.

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Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

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