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Mathematics - 4th

Exploring Fractions: A Fourth Grade Math Lesson

Title: Exploring Fractions

Compliance: Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Subject: Mathematics

Summary: This fourth grade math lesson focuses on introducing students to the concept of fractions through engaging activities and interactive discussions.

Topic: Understanding Fractions and their Representations

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the definition of a fraction and its parts
  • Understand how to represent fractions using visual models
  • Can compare and order fractions


This lesson will be taught using a combination of direct instruction, hands-on activities, and group discussions. Students will have the opportunity to work individually, in pairs, and in small groups to reinforce their understanding of fractions.

Resources/Materials Required:

  • Fraction manipulatives (e.g., fraction bars, fraction circles)
  • Whiteboard or chart paper
  • Markers or colored pencils
  • Worksheets or handouts



Begin the lesson by asking students if they have ever shared a pizza or a cake with someone. Discuss how they decided to divide the pizza or cake into equal parts. Introduce the term 'fraction' as a way to represent these equal parts.


Provide each student with fraction manipulatives, such as fraction bars or circles. Demonstrate how to represent a whole using the manipulatives and then divide it into equal parts. Ask students to explore different fractions using the manipulatives and discuss their findings with a partner.


Lead a whole-class discussion to define a fraction as a part of a whole. Discuss the numerator and denominator and their roles in representing fractions. Use visual models to reinforce the concept.


Divide students into small groups and provide each group with a set of fraction cards. Instruct them to order the fractions from least to greatest and explain their reasoning. Encourage students to use manipulatives or drawings to support their thinking.


Assess students' understanding of fractions by providing them with worksheets or handouts that require them to identify and represent fractions. Observe their participation during group activities and discussions.


  • Creating fraction pizzas: Students will use paper plates and colored pencils to draw and label fraction pizzas, representing different fractions.
  • Fraction scavenger hunt: Students will search for objects in the classroom that can be divided into equal parts and represent them using fraction notation.
  • Comparing fractions: Students will play a game where they compare fractions using fraction cards and determine which fraction is greater or lesser.

By the end of this lesson, students should have a solid understanding of fractions, their representations, and how to compare and order them.

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6 months ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

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