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Mathematics - 11th

Exploring Probability through a Carnival Game

Title: Exploring Probability through a Carnival Game

Compliance: Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Subject: Mathematics

Summary: This activity engages eleventh-grade students in exploring probability concepts through a fun and interactive carnival game.

Topic: Probability and Statistics

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understand the concept of probability and its applications in real-life situations.
  • Apply probability rules to solve problems and make predictions.
  • Analyze and interpret data using statistical measures.


This activity will be conducted in groups of 3-4 students. Each group will design and create their own carnival game that incorporates probability concepts. The game should be interactive and engaging, allowing players to make decisions and experience the outcomes based on probability.


  • Cardboard or poster board
  • Markers, colored pencils, or paints
  • Various craft materials (e.g., glitter, stickers, etc.)
  • Scissors and glue
  • Small objects for game pieces (e.g., buttons, beads, etc.)
  • Spinner or dice
  • Index cards or small pieces of paper


1. Introduce the concept of probability to the students, explaining its relevance in real-life situations such as games, gambling, and decision-making.

2. Discuss the basic rules and principles of probability, including the concept of equally likely outcomes, sample spaces, and the probability of an event.

3. Divide the students into groups and provide them with the necessary materials to create their carnival game.

4. Instruct the groups to brainstorm ideas for their game, ensuring that it incorporates probability concepts. They should consider elements such as chance, randomness, and different outcomes.

5. Once the groups have finalized their game design, they should create the necessary components using the provided materials.

6. After completing the game, each group will present their creation to the class, explaining the probability concepts involved and how players can make decisions based on probability.

7. Allow time for the students to play each other's games, experiencing the outcomes and discussing the probability involved.

8. As a follow-up activity, provide the students with a set of data collected from playing the games. Instruct them to analyze and interpret the data using statistical measures such as mean, median, and mode.


Assess the students' understanding of probability and statistics through the following:

  • Group presentation of their carnival game, including a clear explanation of the probability concepts incorporated.
  • Observation of students' engagement and participation during the game-playing session.
  • Review of the students' analysis and interpretation of the collected data.

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Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

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