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Computer Science - 8th

Introduction to Computer Science

In this lesson, we will explore the exciting world of computer science and its relevance in our daily lives. Through hands-on activities and interactive discussions, students will gain a foundational understanding of key concepts in computer science and develop problem-solving skills.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understand the basics of computer science and its applications
  • Recognize the importance of algorithms and computational thinking
  • Explore different programming languages and their uses
  • Develop problem-solving and critical thinking skills


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of teacher-led discussions, hands-on activities, and group work. Students will have the opportunity to engage with computer science concepts through interactive exercises and real-world examples.


  • Computers or laptops with internet access
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Printed handouts with coding exercises


Step 1: Introduction to Computer Science (Know)

Begin the lesson by discussing the definition of computer science and its applications in various fields such as medicine, entertainment, and transportation. Use real-world examples to highlight the importance of computer science in our daily lives.

Step 2: Algorithms and Computational Thinking (Understand)

Introduce the concept of algorithms and computational thinking. Explain that algorithms are step-by-step instructions used to solve problems, and computational thinking is the process of breaking down complex problems into smaller, manageable steps. Engage students in a discussion about how they use algorithms and computational thinking in their everyday lives.

Step 3: Exploring Programming Languages (Understand)

Introduce students to different programming languages such as Python, Java, and Scratch. Discuss the uses and applications of each language, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses. Show examples of simple code snippets in each language to give students a taste of what programming looks like.

Step 4: Hands-on Coding Activity (Can Do)

Divide students into small groups and provide them with printed handouts containing coding exercises. Encourage them to work collaboratively to solve the coding challenges using the programming language of their choice. Circulate around the classroom to provide guidance and support as needed.

Step 5: Reflection and Discussion (Understand)

Bring the class back together for a reflection and discussion session. Ask students to share their experiences with coding and discuss any challenges they faced. Facilitate a conversation about the importance of perseverance and problem-solving skills in computer science.


To assess student understanding, collect and review the completed coding exercises. Additionally, conduct a class discussion to gauge students' comprehension of key concepts in computer science. Use open-ended questions to encourage critical thinking and evaluate their ability to apply computational thinking to real-world problems.

By the end of this lesson, students should have a solid understanding of the basics of computer science, including algorithms, computational thinking, and programming languages. They should also be able to apply their knowledge to solve simple coding challenges.

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7 months ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Next Generation Science Standards

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