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Science - Pre-K

Exploring the Wonders of the Solar System

Welcome to our pre-kindergarten science lesson on the solar system! In this lesson, we will embark on an exciting journey through space to learn about the planets, stars, and other celestial bodies that make up our solar system. By the end of this lesson, our young learners will know the names of the planets, understand their basic characteristics, and be able to identify the sun as the center of our solar system.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the names of the planets in our solar system
  • Understand basic characteristics of each planet
  • Identify the sun as the center of our solar system


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of interactive discussions, visual aids, and hands-on activities. We will engage the students through storytelling, videos, and crafts to make the learning experience fun and memorable.


  • Picture books about the solar system
  • Visual aids (e.g., posters, flashcards)
  • Video clips or animations about the solar system
  • Art supplies for a craft activity


1. Begin the lesson by gathering the students in a circle and introducing the topic of the solar system. Show them a picture book or use visual aids to give them a glimpse of what the solar system looks like.

2. Engage the students in a discussion by asking questions such as:

  • What do you see in the picture/book?
  • What are these round objects?
  • Why do you think they are different colors?

3. Introduce the names of the planets one by one, starting with the closest to the sun (Mercury) and ending with the farthest (Neptune). Use visual aids or flashcards to help the students visualize each planet.

4. For each planet, share some basic characteristics such as:

  • Size (e.g., some are big, some are small)
  • Color (e.g., Earth is blue and green)
  • Special features (e.g., Saturn has rings)

5. After introducing each planet, show a short video clip or animation that highlights its unique features. This will help reinforce the information and make it more engaging for the students.

6. To further enhance their understanding, engage the students in a craft activity where they create their own solar system. Provide them with art supplies such as colored paper, glue, and markers. Guide them in cutting out and decorating the planets, and help them arrange the planets in the correct order around a large sun cutout.

7. Once the craft activity is complete, gather the students again and review what they have learned. Ask questions like:

  • Which planet is closest to the sun?
  • What color is Earth?
  • Which planet has rings?

8. Finally, conclude the lesson by emphasizing that the sun is at the center of our solar system and all the planets revolve around it.


To assess the students' understanding, observe their participation during the discussions and craft activity. Ask individual students questions about the planets and their characteristics. You can also have a group discussion where students take turns sharing what they have learned about a specific planet.

Remember to provide positive reinforcement and encouragement throughout the lesson to keep the students engaged and motivated!

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