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Science - 9th

Lesson Title: Introduction to the Scientific Method

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the steps of the scientific method
  • Understand the importance of using the scientific method in scientific investigations
  • Apply the scientific method to solve real-world problems


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of teacher-led instruction, class discussions, and hands-on activities. Students will actively participate in the learning process by conducting experiments and analyzing data.


  • Textbooks or online resources on the scientific method
  • Lab equipment and materials for experiments
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk


1. Begin the lesson by asking students if they have ever wondered how scientists make discoveries or solve problems. Discuss their responses as a class.

2. Introduce the scientific method as a systematic approach used by scientists to investigate and understand the natural world. Explain that it consists of several steps that help scientists gather evidence and draw conclusions.

3. Present the steps of the scientific method:

  • Ask a question or identify a problem
  • Formulate a hypothesis
  • Design and conduct an experiment
  • Collect and analyze data
  • Draw conclusions
  • Communicate results

4. Discuss each step in detail, providing examples and encouraging students to ask questions for clarification.

5. Divide the class into small groups and assign each group a real-world problem to solve using the scientific method. Examples could include determining the most effective plant fertilizer, testing the effectiveness of different cleaning products, or investigating the impact of music on plant growth.

6. Instruct the groups to follow the steps of the scientific method to design and conduct their experiments. Remind them to record their observations and collect data.

7. Allow time for the groups to conduct their experiments and collect data. Circulate around the classroom to provide guidance and support as needed.

8. Once the experiments are complete, reconvene as a class and have each group present their findings. Encourage students to discuss their results, draw conclusions, and reflect on the importance of using the scientific method in their investigations.


  • Class discussions
  • Hands-on experiments
  • Data analysis
  • Group presentations


Assess students' understanding of the scientific method through the following:

  • Participation in class discussions
  • Completion of hands-on experiments and data collection
  • Quality of group presentations and ability to draw conclusions

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5 months ago
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

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