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Economics - 7th

Economics: Understanding Supply and Demand

Title: Understanding Supply and Demand

Compliance: Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSS-M)

Subject: Economics

Summary: This lesson will introduce students to the fundamental concepts of supply and demand, helping them understand how these forces shape the economy.

Topic: Supply and Demand in Economics

Learning Outcomes

  • Know the definitions of supply and demand
  • Understand the relationship between supply and demand
  • Identify factors that influence supply and demand
  • Apply the concepts of supply and demand to real-world scenarios


This lesson will be delivered through a combination of teacher-led instruction, class discussions, and interactive activities. Students will have the opportunity to engage with the material through hands-on exercises and real-world examples.

Resources/Materials Required

  • Textbooks or online resources on economics
  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Handouts with real-world scenarios
  • Computers or tablets with internet access (optional)


Step 1: Introduction (10 minutes)

Begin the lesson by asking students if they have ever wondered why the price of certain goods or services changes. Discuss their responses and introduce the concept of supply and demand as the driving forces behind these changes.

Step 2: Definitions (15 minutes)

Provide students with clear definitions of supply and demand. Use visual aids, such as diagrams or graphs, to help illustrate these concepts. Encourage students to ask questions and clarify any confusion.

Step 3: Relationship between Supply and Demand (20 minutes)

Explain the inverse relationship between supply and demand. Use examples to demonstrate how an increase in demand affects the supply of a product, and vice versa. Engage students in a class discussion to ensure their understanding.

Step 4: Factors Influencing Supply and Demand (20 minutes)

Introduce students to the various factors that influence supply and demand, such as changes in consumer preferences, production costs, and government policies. Provide real-world examples to help students connect these factors to the concepts they have learned.

Step 5: Applying Supply and Demand (25 minutes)

Divide students into small groups and distribute handouts with real-world scenarios. Instruct each group to analyze the scenarios and identify the impact of supply and demand on the given situations. Encourage students to think critically and discuss their findings with the class.

Step 6: Conclusion (10 minutes)

Summarize the key points covered in the lesson and allow students to ask any remaining questions. Emphasize the importance of understanding supply and demand in everyday life and its impact on the economy.


To assess students' understanding of the lesson, you can:

  • Assign a homework task where students analyze a current news article related to supply and demand
  • Conduct a class quiz or short written test on the definitions, relationship, and factors influencing supply and demand
  • Review and provide feedback on the group handouts analyzing real-world scenarios

By the end of this lesson, students should have a solid understanding of supply and demand, and be able to apply these concepts to real-world situations.

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45 days ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSS-M)

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