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Science - 6th

Lesson Title: The Water Cycle

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know the different stages of the water cycle
  • Understand the importance of the water cycle for Earth's ecosystems
  • Can explain the processes involved in the water cycle


This lesson will be taught using a combination of direct instruction, visual aids, hands-on activities, and group discussions.


  • Textbooks or online resources about the water cycle
  • Visual aids (e.g., diagrams, posters, or videos)
  • Large sheets of paper or whiteboards
  • Markers or colored pencils
  • Water cycle model materials (optional)


1. Begin the lesson by asking students if they know what the water cycle is and why it is important. Write their responses on the board.

2. Introduce the concept of the water cycle using visual aids such as diagrams or videos. Explain that the water cycle is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the Earth's surface.

3. Discuss the different stages of the water cycle:

  • Evaporation: Explain that evaporation occurs when the sun heats up water bodies (oceans, lakes, rivers) and turns the water into vapor, which rises into the atmosphere.
  • Condensation: Describe how condensation happens when the water vapor cools down and turns back into liquid form, forming clouds in the sky.
  • Precipitation: Discuss how precipitation occurs when the water droplets in the clouds become too heavy and fall to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
  • Runoff: Explain that runoff happens when the precipitation flows over the land, collecting in rivers, lakes, and oceans, and eventually returning to the starting point of evaporation.

4. Engage students in a hands-on activity to reinforce their understanding of the water cycle. Provide each group with a large sheet of paper or a whiteboard and markers or colored pencils. Instruct them to create a visual representation of the water cycle, labeling each stage and illustrating the processes involved.

5. After completing their visual representations, have each group present their work to the class. Encourage students to explain the different stages and processes of the water cycle.

6. Conclude the lesson by summarizing the key points of the water cycle and its importance for Earth's ecosystems. Ask students to reflect on why understanding the water cycle is crucial for environmental conservation.


To assess students' understanding of the water cycle, you can:

  • Review their visual representations and provide feedback based on accuracy and completeness.
  • Ask students to write a short paragraph explaining the importance of the water cycle in their own words.
  • Conduct a class discussion where students can ask questions or share additional information about the water cycle.

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