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Economics - 8th

Eighth Grade Economics Activity: Understanding Supply and Demand

Title: The Economics of Lemonade Stands

Compliance Standard: Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSS-M)

Subject: Economics

Summary: This activity will engage eighth-grade students in learning about supply and demand through the fun and interactive experience of running their own lemonade stands.

Topic: Supply and Demand

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understand the concepts of supply and demand
  • Apply the principles of supply and demand to real-life scenarios
  • Analyze the factors that affect supply and demand
  • Develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Collaborate effectively in a team


This activity will be conducted over a series of sessions, allowing students to explore and apply the concepts of supply and demand in a hands-on manner. The activity will involve both individual and group work, fostering collaboration and critical thinking skills.

Resources/Materials Required:

  • Poster boards
  • Markers and colored pencils
  • Calculators
  • Play money
  • Lemonade stand props (table, cups, pitchers, etc.)
  • Access to the internet for research


Session 1: Introduction to Supply and Demand

  1. Begin by discussing the concepts of supply and demand with the students. Use real-life examples to help them understand the relationship between the two.
  2. Provide a brief overview of the activity: students will be running their own lemonade stands to apply the principles of supply and demand.
  3. Divide the students into small groups and assign each group a specific role (e.g., production team, marketing team, finance team).
  4. Assign each group the task of researching and preparing a presentation on the factors that affect supply and demand.

Session 2: Planning and Preparation

  1. Have each group present their research findings on the factors that affect supply and demand.
  2. Discuss the importance of pricing, quality, competition, and consumer preferences in determining supply and demand.
  3. Guide the students in brainstorming ideas for their lemonade stands, considering the factors discussed.
  4. Provide time for each group to create a business plan for their lemonade stand, including pricing strategies, marketing tactics, and cost calculations.

Session 3: Running the Lemonade Stands

  1. Set up the lemonade stands in a designated area of the classroom or school.
  2. Give each group a budget for purchasing supplies and allow them to set up their stands accordingly.
  3. Encourage students to apply their knowledge of supply and demand by adjusting prices, quantities, and marketing strategies based on customer demand.
  4. Monitor the activity and provide guidance as needed.

Session 4: Reflection and Analysis

  1. Conduct a debriefing session where students reflect on their experiences running the lemonade stands.
  2. Discuss the challenges they faced, the decisions they made, and the outcomes they observed.
  3. Guide a class discussion on the impact of various factors on supply and demand, such as pricing, competition, and consumer preferences.
  4. Have students write a reflection paper summarizing their key learnings from the activity.


Assessment will be based on:

  • Group presentations on the factors that affect supply and demand
  • Business plans for the lemonade stands
  • Observation of students' participation and engagement during the activity
  • Reflection papers summarizing key learnings

This activity will not only enhance students' understanding of supply and demand but also develop their critical thinking, problem-solving, and collaboration skills. By applying economic concepts to a real-life scenario, students will gain a deeper appreciation for the principles that drive our economy.

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23 days ago
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSS-M)

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